- Full stroke
- Up stroke
- Down stroke
- Tap stroke
- Dead (Buzz)
Image credits: link
Additionally, there are rimshots, involving hitting the rim and the head at the same time. In jazz, the rimshot sound can be simualted by placing one stick onto the head and hitting it with the other one.
- Staccato - firm; usually a down stroke. Accent/Tap & Staccato Stroke by 2 Drum Guys (video link).
- Legato - relaxed; full stroke
- Tenuto - natural decay
- Legato vs Staccato for timpani (link), uses upstroke for staccato.