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Rudiments

Source: Wikipedia
  • single stroke rudiments
  • multiple bounce rudiments
  • diddle
  • paradiddle
  • drag
  • flame
  • roll

Roll

  • Open roll = rudimental roll of two beats (no more) of each stick (from Stick Control)
  • Closed roll = several rebounds to each stick movement. Produced by a slight additional pressure applied to the sticks.

Rolls are notated as tremolos, with slashes through the note stem. Each slash indicates dividing the note in two.

And for longer notes

More info available in the notation guide. Also, there is a difference in how the rolls are played depending on the tie between the notes:

 
 is played as
 
 and 
 is played as
 

in terms of the roll length (not the number of notes comprising the roll itself). 
Videos: buzz roll (link).
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